Welcome to Alexandria, the enchanting coastal city of Egypt that carries the legacy of ancient civilizations. Situated on the Mediterranean Sea, Alexandria is a captivating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, the city quickly became a center of learning and cultural exchange, attracting scholars, poets, and philosophers from around the world.
Ancient Alexandria was renowned for its iconic landmarks, including the Great Library of Alexandria, one of the largest repositories of knowledge in the ancient world. Although the library no longer stands, the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a modern library and cultural complex, pays homage to this intellectual heritage. The city was also home to the Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, guiding seafarers for centuries.
During the Middle Ages, Alexandria continued to flourish as a hub of trade and cultural exchange. The city's strategic location made it a melting pot of civilizations, influenced by Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic cultures. The Citadel of Qaitbay, a medieval fortress built on the ruins of the ancient Pharos Lighthouse, stands as a testament to Alexandria's medieval history. Its commanding position offers panoramic views of the city and the azure Mediterranean Sea.
Modern Alexandria exudes a cosmopolitan charm, blending old-world elegance with contemporary energy. The Corniche, a scenic waterfront promenade, stretches along the Mediterranean coastline, offering breathtaking views and a vibrant atmosphere. The city's modern architecture, lively cafes, and bustling markets add a dynamic element to the tapestry of Alexandria's cultural heritage.
Alexandria is a treasure trove for culture enthusiasts, with a wealth of museums and cultural sites to explore. The Alexandria National Museum provides a comprehensive overview of Egypt's history, showcasing artifacts from prehistoric times to the modern era. Step back in time at the Roman Amphitheatre, an ancient theater that once hosted dramatic performances and gladiatorial contests.
A visit to the Montaza Palace and Gardens is a must, where you can explore the beautifully landscaped gardens and discover the elegant Montaza Palace, a former royal residence. For art enthusiasts, the Mahmoud Said Museum pays tribute to the renowned Egyptian artist and displays a remarkable collection of his works.
Alexandria's coastal charm offers a unique allure. The city's pristine beaches, such as Stanley Beach and Maamoura Beach, provide a refreshing escape from the urban bustle. Take a leisurely stroll along the Corniche, sampling delicious seafood from local restaurants while enjoying the invigorating sea breeze.
Alexandria's culinary scene is a delightful fusion of flavors from Mediterranean and Egyptian cuisines. Indulge in fresh seafood dishes, such as grilled fish and shrimp, or savor traditional Egyptian specialties like kofta and molokhia. Don't miss the opportunity to taste authentic Egyptian desserts like basbousa and konafa, as well as the aromatic Egyptian-style coffee.
Beyond its historical and cultural attractions, Alexandria offers a range of activities to captivate visitors. Explore the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, an underground necropolis that blends Egyptian, Greek, and Roman architectural styles. Embark on a boat tour to visit the enigmatic Pompey's Pillar, a towering granite column that stands as a testament to the city's Greco-Roman heritage.